民乐| 太和| 正阳| 永泰| 香河| 沛县| 昆山| 仲巴| 惠东| 益阳| 科尔沁左翼中旗| 翁源| 孟州| 银川| 钟山| 枝江| 镇宁| 恭城| 方正| 濠江| 牟平| 邗江| 北流| 定州| 德钦| 宁蒗| 革吉| 新干| 前郭尔罗斯| 上虞| 大丰| 汉川| 四川| 郧西| 石拐| 镶黄旗| 黄山区| 桑植| 聂荣| 武宣| 马关| 雅安| 当雄| 岳西| 平湖| 交城| 绛县| 札达| 灵石| 尚义| 呼和浩特| 武汉| 灯塔| 祁连| 安龙| 马祖| 沾化| 古田| 漯河| 寿光| 乌恰| 息县| 歙县| 宽甸| 洛浦| 河曲| 二连浩特| 清河| 桓台| 兴隆| 南海| 句容| 互助| 西峰| 繁峙| 嵩县| 邓州| 琼山| 沿滩| 拜泉| 武胜| 阿勒泰| 蓬莱| 隆林| 南浔| 磐石| 闽侯| 南充| 蓝田| 高安| 秭归| 富裕| 赤水| 息县| 丽水| 原平| 龙里| 永和| 临武| 石龙| 贞丰| 大安| 宁都| 唐河| 西峰| 阿勒泰| 克山| 黄龙| 焦作| 马祖| 曲阳| 五峰| 无锡| 新安| 天全| 彭阳| 南部| 湖北| 湘潭市| 吴忠| 淮滨| 延安| 横山| 仙桃| 崇明| 宁陕| 新巴尔虎左旗| 临海| 开平| 潜江| 盐池| 永川| 邹平| 单县| 普宁| 锦州| 东光| 白城| 湘潭市| 杨凌| 壤塘| 江源| 镇远| 尚志| 集安| 延长| 黎平| 安多| 焦作| 武夷山| 江津| 珊瑚岛| 察哈尔右翼后旗| 扎鲁特旗| 龙山| 南溪| 宁强| 临城| 高碑店| 华池| 大余| 浙江| 彭泽| 井冈山| 富平| 山西| 达孜| 墨竹工卡| 临县| 延安| 江夏| 塔什库尔干| 旅顺口| 城固| 喀什| 民丰| 平阴| 密山| 茂县| 思茅| 梧州| 前郭尔罗斯| 叙永| 邱县| 含山| 都江堰| 恩平| 安达| 信宜| 嘉定| 新余| 丽江| 察哈尔右翼前旗| 惠阳| 铜梁| 嘉鱼| 湾里| 安县| 方城| 怀仁| 缙云| 乌兰浩特| 和林格尔| 汶川| 仁布| 泰来| 平凉| 津市| 灵山| 资源| 鹤壁| 安庆| 天长| 克拉玛依| 康保| 梓潼| 鄱阳| 潮州| 聂拉木| 鸡泽| 嵩县| 正宁| 长乐| 集美| 南川| 瓯海| 深州| 通城| 新宾| 鄢陵| 万盛| 任县| 苏家屯| 铁山港| 平陆| 贾汪| 屯留| 罗甸| 大荔| 沙河| 坊子| 平和| 扎囊| 吉利| 五寨| 云龙| 大英| 蓟县| 綦江| 元阳| 泽普| 乌兰浩特| 扶沟| 雷山| 鄄城| 靖西| 凤凰| 珙县| 马鞍山| 枣庄| 石狮| 略阳| 南澳|

贵州省全面排查汛前安全隐患 整改安全隐患四千余处

2019-08-23 19:02 来源:维基百科

  贵州省全面排查汛前安全隐患 整改安全隐患四千余处

  AresidentmakesZongzi,apyramid-shapeddumplingmadeofglutinousricewrappedinbambooorreedleaves,togreettheupcomingDragonBoatFestivalinZhangjiajieCity,centralChinasHunanProvince,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuYongbing)PeoplepickleavestomakeZongzi,apyramid-shapeddumplingmadeofglutinousricewrappedinbambooorreedleaves,togreettheupcomingDragonBoatFestivalinforestofZhangjiajieCity,centralChinasHunanProvince,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuYongbing)AwomancleansleavesformakingZongzi,apyramid-shapeddumplingmadeofglutinousricewrappedinbambooorreedleaves,togreettheupcomingDragonBoatFestivalinarivuletofZhangjiajieCity,centralChinasHunanProvince,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuYongbing)Volunteersmakezongzi,apyramid-shapeddumplingmadeofglutinousricewrappedinbambooorreedleaves,fortheelderlypersonsofnofamilytocelebratetheDuanwuFestivalatacommunityinZhenjiangCity,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,June11,2018.(Xinhua/ShiYucheng)AviewoftheWeishuiReservoirinSongziCity,CentralChina’,,makingitatoptouristattraction,anditisalsohometoaleadingcampingsite.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhouXingliang)AviewoftheWeishuiReservoirinSongziCity,CentralChina’,,makingitatoptouristattraction,anditisalsohometoaleadingcampingsite.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhouXingliang)AviewoftheWeishuiReservoirinSongziCity,CentralChina’,,makingitatoptouristattraction,anditisalsohometoaleadingcampingsite.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhouXingliang)AviewoftheWeishuiReservoirinSongziCity,CentralChina’,,makingitatoptouristattraction,anditisalsohometoaleadingcampingsite.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhouXingliang)AviewoftheWeishuiReservoirinSongziCity,CentralChina’,,makingitatoptouristattraction,anditisalsohometoaleadingcampingsite.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhouXingliang)

TopleaderoftheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)yexpectedtoopenanewchapterintheircountrieselonSingaporesresortislandofSentosa,beestoKimandTrump,,KimYongCholandRiSuYong,twovicechairmenoftheWorkersPartyofKorea(WPK)CentralCommittee,,mp,"very,verygood."Duringtheface-to-facetalks,Trumpsaidhehadan"excellentrelationship"tedforafewsecondsbeforearowofnationalflagsofthetwocountries."Thisisjustanewbeginning,",dressedinadarksuit,andTrump,sportingaredtie,talkedatacornerinthehotelcorridorforafewminutes,beforetheywalkedalongthepassageintothemeetingroomandsatdowninfrontofjournalists."Thewaycomingherewasnoteasy,""alltheobstacles",Trumpsaidthatitwas"anhonor"tomeetface-to-facewithKimandthathewouldhave"aterrificrelationship",Trumsleadershipinlate2011,KimhadmfPanmunjom.TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)

  English-LanguageNewsWebEditorRequirements::Aminimumofabachelor’sdegreeatanaccreditedcollegeoruniversitywithamajorinjournalism,English,economics,internationalpolitics,,:Haveathoroughunderstandingandappreciationfortheroleofjournalismandaccurate,ftWord,AdobePhotoshop,Dreamweaver,:Previousjoborinternshipexperienceinan:Responsibleforconductingnewsinterviews,andcompiling,editingandrevisingnewsmanuscriptsfromothersourcesforwebsitenews,dupdates,andproducingspecialnewspackages,aswellasothe,:’sdegreeatanaccreditedcollegeoruniversitywithamajorinjournalism,English,economics,internationalpolitics,andaccurate,,:-Thejobisfull-time.-rewritingandcopy-editingstorieswrittenbystaffandfromothermediaresources;-writingoredittingheadlines,readingprovesandcontributingideasinstoryselectionandlayoutandsoon;-helpingproductionanddevelopmentofothereditorialmaterials,whichincludewritingstories,columns,reviewsandrecordings(CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.

  ,FacebookandTwitterareun,too,,ary2018,fofthetotal(56percent)socialmediareports,,foodsafety,healthcare,andsociale"self-media"andsocialmedia,andbyre-reportingit,thetraditionalmediacauseadelugeoffakenews,whichlinefakenews,,ewsreportsareauthentic,comprehensive,tpostedonsocialmediaplatforms,andstrictlyregulatetheeditingandcompilingprocessonmedianetworkplatforms,includingmobilenewsapplication,sCongress,Chinastoplegislature,passedtheCybersecurityLawinNovember2016,rmationorcontrollinguserdevices,soastocheck"unequalcompetitionandunlawfulprofits".Accordingtostatistics,NationalInternetInformationSystemofficialsinterviewed2003websitecompaniesinaccordancewiththeCybersecurityLawin2017,suspended1,370websitesandpermanently"blocked"abatchof"self-media"accountswith"vulgarcontent".Complaintsagainstfalseiesbyusingac"WeChatAnti-rumorAssistant"inJune2017,whichhelpsuser,theWeChatOfficialAccountPlatformhasinvitedanumberofprofessionalthird-partyinstitutionstostrengthentheanti-ediaoutlets,nationalinternetpolice,andprofessionalWeChataccountsofusersfromindustriessuchashealthcare,scienceandtechnology,agriculture,"2018WeChatRumorGovernanceReport"inMarch,sayingtheWeChatanti-rumorcenter,itsWeChatofficialaccount,andthe"WeChatAnti-rumorAssistant"mini-programworktogethertorefuterumors,anddisseminatedabout490milli,andanno"rumor",andlaunchedthisfeatureinApril2012,,markinganddeleting,itytodevelop"informationization"inordertobuildChinareformoftheglobalcyberspacegovernancesystembystickingtoamultilateralapproachwithmulti-partyparticipation,fromthegovernment,internationalorganizations,internetenterprises,techgroups,PeopleattendtheofficialopeningceremonyoftheFIFAFanFestinMoscow,Russia,onJune10,2018,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangXiujun)PeopleattendtheofficialopeningceremonyoftheFIFAFanFestinMoscow,Russia,onJune10,2018,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangXiujun)PeopleattendtheofficialopeningceremonyoftheFIFAFanFestinMoscow,Russia,onJune10,2018,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangXiujun)PeopleattendtheofficialopeningceremonyoftheFIFAFanFestinMoscow,Russia,onJune10,2018,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangXiujun)PeopleattendtheofficialopeningceremonyoftheFIFAFanFestinMoscow,Russia,onJune10,2018,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangXiujun)PeopleattendtheofficialopeningceremonyoftheFIFAFanFestinMoscow,Russia,onJune10,2018,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangXiujun)

TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

  Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)

  AresidentmakesZongzi,apyramid-shapeddumplingmadeofglutinousricewrappedinbambooorreedleaves,togreettheupcomingDragonBoatFestivalinZhangjiajieCity,centralChinasHunanProvince,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuYongbing)PeoplepickleavestomakeZongzi,apyramid-shapeddumplingmadeofglutinousricewrappedinbambooorreedleaves,togreettheupcomingDragonBoatFestivalinforestofZhangjiajieCity,centralChinasHunanProvince,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuYongbing)AwomancleansleavesformakingZongzi,apyramid-shapeddumplingmadeofglutinousricewrappedinbambooorreedleaves,togreettheupcomingDragonBoatFestivalinarivuletofZhangjiajieCity,centralChinasHunanProvince,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuYongbing)Volunteersmakezongzi,apyramid-shapeddumplingmadeofglutinousricewrappedinbambooorreedleaves,fortheelderlypersonsofnofamilytocelebratetheDuanwuFestivalatacommunityinZhenjiangCity,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,June11,2018.(Xinhua/ShiYucheng),2017showstwilightthroughtheSeventeenArchBridgeintheSummerPalaceinBeijing,capitalofChina.(Xinhua/LiuXianguo)China,700activitieswillbeheldacrossChinatocelebratethisyearsculturalandnaturalheritageday,,whichwasestablishedtosafegstakealookat20culturalheritagesitesinChina,,originallynamedQingyiYuan,ortheGardenofClearRipples,wasanimperialgardenconstructedin1750byEmperorQianlonginabidtocelebratehismother,emperorsandempressesspenttheirleisuretimethere,eselandscapegardendesign,,capitalofsouthwestChinasTibetAutonomousRegion,,2018,togreettheSpringFestivalandTibetanNewYear.(Xinhua/Chogo),LhasaThePotalaPalace,winterpalaceoftheDalaiLama,hassymbolizedTibetanBuddhismanditscen,madeupoftheWhiteandRedPalaceswiththeirancillarybuildings,isbuiltonRedMountaininthecenterofLhasaValley,atanaltitudeof3,,JokhangTempleMonasteryandNorbulingkawereaddedtothelistrespectivelyin1994,,2018showsthesnowsceneryofWestLakeinHangzhou,eastChinaZhejiangProvince,,2018.(Xinhua/HuangZongzhi),,WestLakeCulturalLandscapeofHangzhouhasinspiredfamouspoets,,pagodas,pavilions,gardensandornamentaltrees,,2018showsseaofcloudsafterrainfallatHuangyaguansectionoftheGreatWallinTianjin,northChina.(Xinhua/YangYushan),theGreatWallwindsupanddownacrossdeserts,grasslands,mountainsandplateaus,,horsetracks,watchtowers,andsheltersonthewall,,000years,,itisstilloneofthemostappealingattractionsallaroundt,oneofthegreatestwondersoftheworld,,northwestChinasGansuProvince,,2016.(Photo/Xinhua),Gansuprovince,theMogaocaves,alsoknownastheThousand-BuddhaCaves,aretheworldslargest,mostrichlyendowed,,atthecrossroadsoftradeaswellasreligious,,thecarvingofthecavesstartedin366ADandcontinuedforabout1,,housingabout45,000squaremetersofmuralsandmorethan2,000paintedsculptures,,wi(Photo/Xinhua)sYuanDynastyinChina,slegendarycapitalcity,designedbytheMongolrulersChineseadvisor,LiuBingzhong,,includingtemples,palaces,tombs,nomadicencampmentsandtheTiefangangCanal,,,:/FengJun):anImperialSacrificialAltarinBeijingLocatedinthesouthernpartofBeijing,theTempleofHeavenisamagnificentcomplexoffirs,andisthelargestoneinBeijingamongseveralroyalaltarstoHeaven,Earth,theSun,,SoutheastChinasFujianprovince,onDec9,2016.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangDongming)e15thand20thcenturiesover120kilometersinthesouth-westofFujianprovince,irfunctionexe,,efilm,resembling"scarfs"and"dresses",aspartoftheirrestorationintheEmperorQinshihuangsMausoleumSiteMuseuminXian,Shaanxiprovince,Feb23,2015.(Photo/CFP)ntainingterracottawarriorsandhorsesarelocatedinLintongcounty,nearXi’ancity,,,themausoleumislaidoutinlinewiththedimensionsofXianyang,,,,ridianGate(WuMen)ofthePalaceMuseuminBeijing,April17,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/DuYang)ForbiddenCity,locatedinthecenterofBeijing,,,,(anareaenclosedbyfourpoles).In1924,theimperialfamilyoftheQingDynastywasremovedfromtheForbiddenCity,age,nearMountHuangshan,Anhuiprovince,inMay.(Photo:ChinaDaily/WangHao),HuangshancityinsouthAnhuiprovince,thetwotraditionalvillagesXidiandHongcunarearchitecturalcomplexes,,landscape,architecturalform,decorationandconstructiontechniquesallretaint,northChinasShanxiProvince,April22,,listedasaUNESCOWorldCulturalHeritagesitein2001,willwitnessatourismpeakastheMayDayholidayiscoming.(Photo:Xinhua/YanYan),some16kmwestofDatongcity,Shanxiprovince,theYungangGrottoeswerebuiltagainstthemountainandextendaboutonekm(),000statueswithinacarvedareaof18,000squaremeters,YungangGrottoesrepresenttheoutstandin,withtheirstrictunityoflayoutanddesign,coPoliticalPartyForumvisitLiuyuanorLingeringGardeninSuzhou,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,April22,2013.(Xinhua/ShenPeng),whichseekstorecreateminiaturenaturallandscapes,isnotillustratedanybetterthanintheninegardensinthehistoriccityofSuzhou,’,2017showstheviewofChengdesummerresortinnorthChinasHebeiProvince.(Xinhua/LiuMancang),ChengdeIntermsofthegenerallayout,architecturalstyles,constructiontechniques,decorationdetailsandgardenlandscape,theMountainResort,avastcomplexofpalacesandadministrativeandceremonialbuildingsbuiltbetween1703and1792,representsthebroadexchangeandconvergencebetweenHancultureandtheethniccultures-Confucianism,BuddhismandTaoism-andthearchitecturalstylesbetweenChina,theMountainResorthastemplesofmanyarchitecturalstylesandimperialgardensblendeffortlesslyintoalandscapeoflakes,,,centralChinasHenanProvince,April17,(Xinhua/ZhuXiang)e(618-907).Located13kmsouthofLuoyang,Henanprovince,theLongmenGrottoesareconcentratedontheeastandwestcliffsoftheYishuiRiver,,duringtheNorthernWeiDynasty,Grottoes,liketheTwentyGemsofLongmenCalligraphyandZhuSuiliang’sstonetablets,,madein641inhonorofthemotherofthefourthsonofEmperorTaizong,,,LushanMountainisoneofthemostrenownedmountainsandtourismresortsinthecountry.(Photo/ShanghaiDaily),LushanMountainisoneofChina’,whichwasinscribedontheWorldHeritageListin1996,i,LushanisthebirthplaceofChineselandscapepoetry,plus,thefamousLushanPlenumrepresentsitsroleinChina’,,southwestChinasYunnanProvince,,SCOin1997.(Photo:Xinhua/YangZongyou),lyingontheLijiangplainatanelevationof2,400metersinsouthwestYunnanprovinceofChina,alandstrategifelementsfromseveralcultures,anditsancientwater-supplysy,WudangMountain,alsoknownasTaiheMountain,isbothafamousscenicspotandaholysiteofTaoism,Chinasindigenousreligion.(Photo/)anjiangkouincentralHubeiprovince,theWudangMountainsarehometoafamouscomplexofancientpalaces,periodofnearly1,,anannualeventputonbythespecialadministrativeregionsgovernment,sonSundaynight,(Photo:Xinhua/ZhangJinjia)’straditionalChinesedesign,itstandswitnesst’smissionaryroleintheFarEastwhilealso,formingthemostuniqueblendofculturalheritageexistinginChina’,,clairaudienceandtheJadeEmperorintheDazuRockCarvingsinChongqingmunicipality.(Photo/TheofficialWechataccountofDazuRockCarvings),,’,50,000statuesand100,000inscribedwithChinesecharacter,1999.

  AsignforapolicecheckstandsneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,oplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-unwillbeheldattheCapellaResort.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)AsignforapolicecheckstandsneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersareseenneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,oplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-unwillbeheldattheCapellaResort.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)AsignforapolicecheckstandsneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)PassengersareseenatSentosaStationonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AtramrunsonSentosaIsland,AsiasleadingleisuredestinationandSingaporespremierislandgetaway,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AviewfromthetramonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)TouristsareseenonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AviewofsceneryneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AshuttlebusonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)WorkerserectafenceneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)WorkerserectafenceneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersareseenneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,oplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-unwillbeheldattheCapellaResort.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)

  AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-09spacecra,AlexanderGerstofGermanyandcosmonautSergeyProkopyevofRussiablastsofftotheInternationalSpaceStation(ISS)fromthelaunchpadattheBaikonurCosmodrome,Kazakhstan,June6,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

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阿列佐:耶稣不是那个长胡子的奇男子,是一种毒蘑菇

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来源:利维坦

耶稣是否真的存在过?历史学家和神学家对此争论不休。《圣经》说,耶稣是处女玛丽亚在伯利恒的马厩里诞下的上帝之子。有人相信历史上的确存在耶稣其人,但他的超能力纯属编造。还有人认为,耶稣的形象拼凑而来。此外,还有人说:耶稣其实是个蘑菇。

文/K. Thor Jensen

译/半打

校对/石炜

原文/omgfacts.com/this-religious-scholar-thought-jesus-was-a-mushroom-ab27d134c1f4

耶稣是否真的存在过?历史学家和神学家对此争论不休。《圣经》说,耶稣是处女玛丽亚在伯利恒的马厩里诞下的上帝之子,当然这是一家之言。有人相信历史上的确存在耶稣其人,但他的超能力纯属编造出来的。还有人认为,耶稣的形象是由不同的历史人物拼凑而来。

此外,还有人说:耶稣其实是个蘑菇。

《神圣蘑菇和十字架》,约翰M. 阿列佐

1970年,英国考古学家约翰M. 阿列佐(John M. Allegro)出版了《神圣蘑菇和十字架》(The Sacred Mushroom and the Cross)一书。他以一个数百年来一直困扰着圣经学者的问题为开端:在翻译原始希伯来语《圣经》时,有些词似乎完全没有意义。通常人们将这些词译作人名,但阿列佐对此有着完全不同的看法。

英国考古学家与死海古卷学家阿列佐

阿列佐绝不是个疯子。他在曼彻斯特大学做研究,并受邀成为《死海古卷》(Dead Sea Scrolls)破译小组的成员。当中大多数人都希望能利用这些经卷推进对基督教的阐释。然而,阿列佐对那些古籍的理解却与其他成员大相径庭。

在翻译完《库珀卷》(Copper Scroll)后,阿列佐开始相信基督的故事实际上是艾塞尼派(Essene,活跃在公元前2世纪到公元1世纪的第二圣殿时期)制造出的一个隐喻,用来掩饰他们活动的真相。这些人是当时一个新晋神秘宗教的倡导者,信奉的是由致幻蘑菇所带来的强力幻觉。

根据阿列佐的诠释,耶稣并非那个留着胡子的神奇男子,而是一种毒蝇伞蘑菇。

毒蝇伞(Amanita muscaria,又称毒蝇鹅膏菌),是一种含神经性毒害的担子菌门真菌

毒蝇伞的学名为Amanita muscaria,是长久以来自然界中最强效的致幻剂之一。这种蘑菇广泛生长于北半球,它能提供强力的蝇蕈素(muscimol)。这是一种能够引起视听幻觉的神经毒素。有意思的是,与其他致幻剂不同,毒蝇伞并不扰乱大脑活动,而是与之同步。这能使人产生一种与宗教经验非常相似的、确凿且清晰的感觉。

阿列佐用词源学方法解开了《圣经》和《死海古卷》中的隐含意义。例如,他推测,“基督教的、基督徒(Christian)”一词来自一个苏美尔语(Sumerian)词根,其意思是“涂满精液(smeared with semen)”。古代的迷幻蘑菇崇拜(mushroom cults)其实就是“粗俗下流”的性活动。阿列佐这本书讲述的正是这种崇拜如何被合理化,并最终经过数个世纪,成为我们今天所知的宗教。

如果你仔细考察阿列佐的逻辑,就会发现他说的不是疯话。以天主教的圣餐仪式为例,你真的能通过吃掉“基督血肉”而信靠上帝吗?显然,食用一小片致幻蘑菇就足以产生相应的幻觉。此外,阿列佐认为法国Plaincourault教堂壁画中所描绘的正是这种毒蝇伞蘑菇。 

Plaincourault教堂壁画,法国

大多数宗教学者被这本《神圣蘑菇和十字架》深深冒犯。有些批评家把这本书看作是阿列佐对一些狭隘基督徒的报复,这些人也曾反对他之前对古籍经卷的翻译。于是,在批评家看来,阿列佐是将整个基督教义看作远古嬉皮士因嗑迷幻蘑菇而产生的愚蠢幻觉。

不幸的是,在这本书中,阿列佐的许多逻辑实在太跳跃了。尽管他是个颇有语言天赋的学者,但他对许多词汇的诠释并未植根于它们在那个时代的真正用法。而且他为了证实自己的论点,似乎有点儿不择手段。

这本书终结了阿列佐的主流职业生涯。霍德&斯托顿出版社(Hodder & Stoughton)为此公开道歉,并悄无声息地使这本书从此在市场上销声匿迹。虽然,阿列佐则坚持宣扬自己的观点,但能接受的读者越来越少。上世纪70年代是可卡因的时代,而嬉皮神秘主义在当时已是明日黄花。

然而,阿列佐的理论看上去并不比《圣经》里的其他东西更荒谬可笑,比如在一条大鱼肚子里活了好几天的约拿、蛙灾,以及会说话的蛇。宗教的核心是寓言,是人们虚构出来、构造社会组织的隐喻。你不妨思考一下,上帝之子化作一株红底白点的蘑菇来到地球,和他变成了一个人来拯救大众,到底哪个说法更奇怪?

[责任编辑:游海洪 PN135]

责任编辑:游海洪 PN135

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